550 relay not permitted distribution group contact

550 relay not permitted distribution group contact

Symptoms

When trying to add an external contact inside a Distribution group. A failure delivery mail with the following NDR is returned.

Delivery has failed to these recipients or groups:

Externalcontact@domain.com

Your message couldn’t be delivered and there was no valid enhanced status code being issued by the remote mail system to determine the exact cause, status: ‘550 relay not permitted’.

The following organization rejected your message: mxserver

Header

Diagnostic information for administrators:

Generating server: server
Externalcontact@domain.com

Remote Server returned '550 relay not permitted'

Original message headers:

Resent-From: <inboundemail@Exchangedomain.com>
Received: from 
with Microsoft SMTP Server (version=TLS1_2,
 cipher=TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384_P521) id 15.1.2375.17; Wed, 15
 Dec 2021 11:53:30 -0500
Received: from mail-ot1-f41.google.com (209.85.210.41) by
 with Microsoft SMTP Server (version=TLS1_2,
 cipher=TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA_P384) id 15.1.2375.17 via Frontend
 Transport; Wed, 15 Dec 2021 11:53:30 -0500
Received: by mail-ot1-f41.google.com with SMTP id a23-20020a9d4717000000b0056c15d6d0caso25610296otf.12
        for <inboundemail@Exchangedomain.com>; Wed, 15 Dec 2021 08:53:01 -0800 (PST)
DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed;
        d=gmail.com; s=20210112;
        h=mime-version:references:in-reply-to:from:date:message-id:subject:to;
        bh=rR2IMeF7H4JDA9rxaP9qe9SS4+k1fEFk6/Y7HUCR5us=;
        b=NV4VaI1l4JibchEYURu8Z0pAkxU2Km1s5xNxC3pE+vHL/7vd77ut2ri0zUvBqMRcLr
         kOSnRYnDeMnc7EAbsOJRP2oSx6afnHB1yN8WjMijDE/Va/0jOp7Ni4K0PTXIyz2X0W5i
         VPQuoTgOsyKkjN+HZqVpXgxHy8RyRNkiTnUsutwRIZZWevIoHC/p0cwad8yN6tIdCVif
         IMkACRMkA0HeAzBR/v0ctAChdUpkbcBXA+85hbuO2O8CQdXBCBCf4EzpjqiI97QK24yf
         oedS61hmS2qb2zFQ6f8qxmYBgxdK4lQWdI9TdurXmpnQHBKZFIqW56US0cMQ3jCpSF9q
         Se2A==
X-Google-DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed;
        d=1e100.net; s=20210112;
        h=x-gm-message-state:mime-version:references:in-reply-to:from:date
         :message-id:subject:to;
        bh=rR2IMeF7H4JDA9rxaP9qe9SS4+k1fEFk6/Y7HUCR5us=;
        b=qVj/PXzNyVqwff+McPc2WmcrhKnU1KzHFugZOqxTRB+v+IKASjxOXzq4oernUflv1P
         ApDShejS2jAO6czxgamOrV4i4E7MUlqM1ZOAORM1+ZZiicTPhLk4ybx88t6Ex6xWG8x1
         CayHD9LjorI/UGhs60fFXpfxREnRvz1mMXk4RQlUVGn7oQvlJZaApknskvs/KDaxB3K4
         l1HvunANu25x9/zmf6OuJEkNuhUQWPnh5TESf52pLknaUmeHBA9Ff4LhEFLoyuj2KwxX
         jDfyvQ3RRs8kN3S+IQntHrukyU6cIy4xskUiSzOUa4wb/b6SfSu7sVb5wy/3MzUcPfwQ
         NJuA==
X-Gm-Message-State: AOAM532yV7/oLUbulh/fnSKX/dvcwEJRrBUakKGRB2AAjJBFmHgQ1juk
	htSdNKTpkhrpu4K0SDKv8LbcseSolYSLvjbVKAFNgKmI1m/3Fg==
X-Google-Smtp-Source: ABdhPJyCyLPmOHEOsFfrUD36h6e5hI9mquwq0Sr3Q+d/MecZbT33ghjh5xXztarpHRBZm944nU8Zrrg/gk50FxN5cxk=
X-Received: by 2002:a9d:7b51:: with SMTP id f17mr9431931oto.88.1639587180247;
 Wed, 15 Dec 2021 08:53:00 -0800 (PST)
MIME-Version: 1.0
References: <cad49hozzrxa94krz4t+3pdqre=npiq+vv8svw3hbcnyzbca_dg@mail.gmail.com>
In-Reply-To: <cad49hozzrxa94krz4t+3pdqre=npiq+vv8svw3hbcnyzbca_dg@mail.gmail.com>
From: External Sender <Sender@gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 15 Dec 2021 22:22:47 +0530
Message-ID: <cad49hoym7ryqqfrzm++=xse4yh-g6pzy10xfo_bqnpyffhc=9g@mail.gmail.com>
Subject: Fwd: test email to Exchange DG
To: <inboundemail@Exchangedomain.com>
Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary="00000000000074fd9b05d33223fa"
Return-Path: Sender@gmail.com
X-Auto-Response-Suppress: DR, OOF, AutoReply

Cause:

By default, the ReportToManagerEnabled parameter is set to False and the ReportToOriginatorEnabled parameter is set to True when a distribution group is created in Exchange Online. When the parameters are both set to False, the Return-Path field in the header of the message is <> (blank). This means that the remote messaging system will not send delivery reports to the user who sent the message to the distribution group.

Additionally, if spam filtering is enabled on the remote messaging system, the message is dropped, and delivery reports are suppressed. This occurs because some anti-spam devices might flag messages whose Return-Path field is blank and not let the messages be delivered.

Resolution:

Set-DistributionGroup -ReportToManagerEnabled $true -ReportToOriginatorEnabled $false -Identity distributiongroup@domain.com

REF:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-US/exchange/troubleshoot/email-delivery/external-recipients-not-receiving-distribution-group-emails

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